Proper hand washing can help your family have a healthier winter — when many viruses are passed from person to person. These tips can help.

Here’s how to wash your hands most effectively:

Use soap and warm, running water.

Rub your hands vigorously for 20 seconds.

Wash all surfaces, including backs of hands, wrists, between fingers, tips of fingers and under fingernails.

Rinse your hands well.

Dry hands with a paper towel.

Always wash your hands after:

Going to the toilet or changing diapers

Coughing/sneezing or using a tissue

Handling raw meat or poultry

Touching lacerations/cuts, sores or infected areas on the skin

Handling or playing with pets

Touching dirty kitchen equipment, utensils, dishes or work surfaces

Always wash your hands before:

Cooking or handling ready-to-eat foods, such as breads, deli meats, cheese, fruits and vegetables


Source: Kansas Department of Health and Environment

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