The pain of a migraine is often described as an intense throbbing pain in one area of the head. Additional symptoms can include nausea and/or vomiting and sensitivity to both light and sound. Migraine is three times more common in women than in men and affects more than 10% of people worldwide.

There is no absolute cure, but there are two ways to approach the treatment of migraines: prevent attacks or relieve symptoms during attacks. Prevention involves the use of medications and behavioral changes. Some drugs originally developed for epilepsy, depression or high blood pressure have been shown to be extremely effective in treating migraines.

Stress-management strategies such as exercise, relaxation techniques, biofeedback and other therapies may reduce the number and severity of migraine attacks. Making a log of personal migraine triggers can also provide useful information for trigger-avoiding lifestyle changes, including dietary considerations, eating regularly scheduled meals with adequate hydration, stopping certain medications and establishing a consistent sleep schedule. Hormone therapy may help some women whose migraines seem to be linked to their menstrual cycle. A weight-loss program is recommended for obese individuals with migraine. In addition, some medications can be taken after a migraine starts to help reduce symptoms. Talk with your doctor about ways to prevent and treat migraines.

— Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

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